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The 3 Paradigms of Society and how they view Criminals

The three paradigms of sociology all view the acts of crime and devience differently. Firstly, the social conflict theory, many people believe that those who commit crimes are usually of the lower economic class. People do not want to believe that those who are wealthy and seem to posses more power could do anything outside the boundaries of the law. They also feel that if someone who is wealthy does commit a crime they will get off because of their social class. Society does not want to believe that everyone is capable of committing crimes. They want to believe that only those of certain economic class’s are going to do wrong, it makes it easier for society to ‘peg’ offenders.Structural Functionalists believe that society consist of parts (in this case law enforcement and criminals) each of which have their own functions. It is the criminals function to commit crime, and it is the law enforcements duty to catch the perpetraters of the crime, and then it is the judicial systems job to prosecute the criminal. Without the criminal, the law enforcement officer, the lawyers who prosecuted and defended the criminal, as well as the judge would have no purpose in our society. Thus meaning, that our society would not be stable and functioning.Symbolic interactionism examines how individuals and groups interact, focusing on the creation of personal identity through interactions with others. Symbolic interactionism presumes that criminals are criminals because of the group they interact with or peer pressure. They feel someone they came across in life helped them choose the path they went down (crime) by some form of “pressure”. Symbolic Interactionism pretty much states, you are who you are friends with, if you are friends with bad people you yourself will be bad, or if you are friends with good people you yourself will be good.

Scaffolding Instruction – An Aide to Differentiating Instruction for General and Special Education

Scaffolding InstructionThe term “scaffolding” is often heard in educational circles as a method of instruction in which the teacher models the learning strategy or task and then gradually shifts the responsibility to the students. The teacher first determines the students’ zone of proximal development and then incrementally improves the learner’s ability to become independent with the task at hand.We usually think about scaffolds with regard to construction where a very organized structure is put up beside a building under construction in order to support workers as they perform their required tasks. In education we are using scaffolding to support students to construct meaning or the ability to independently complete an objective.Within the field of education, the scaffold provides clear structure and precisely stated expectations, along with models and direct instruction. For example, it begins with “I do–you watch” which in reading might seem like a teacher reading aloud (teacher modeling the explicit task or learning objective) where the teacher chose the reading material. The next step is “I do–you help” which may be a shared reading with the teacher, or a highly structured teacher-led guided reading. “You do–I help” is next in the progression. This could look like literature circles or a directed reading and thinking activity. The last step is “you do–I watch”. In this stage the student chooses the reading material for a guided reading group which either is student-led or independent reading and demonstrating the task or objective at hand.Components of Scaffolding InstructionOne of the basic components of scaffolding includes clear step-by-step directions. The directions are user friendly and written in a way that minimizes confusion. Purpose is also clarified so the learner knows why he/she is completing the task or acquiring the new learning. Clear, concise directions along with a well stated purpose aids in motivation and helps to keep a student on task. In addition, clearly stated criteria with work models are often provided.Benefits of Scaffolding InstructionScaffolding instruction can provide the avenue for individualized and differentiated instruction. As the teacher first needs to determine the prior knowledge so the starting point instruction can be differentiated and given individualized or in small groups. In addition, scaffolding of instruction almost makes success certain, so students feel safe in taking supported risks and therefore are less frustrated, more motivated and engaged in the learning process. Finally, the teaching of self regulation is embedded within the scaffolding process. Therefore, many students are able to generalize self regulation to other learning and tasks.

Benefits of Property Management Services Offered by a Property Management Company

Are you considering property management in Maryland or Baltimore or any other location? Well, you should think for the advantages of services which come with reputable property management service providers or companies (PMC). A reputable property management firm can make life much easier on the land proprietor. As a landlord, it can be very advantageous to free up the time from the day to day tasks coupled with managing a property or multiple properties.For residents, a property management service provider or company (PMC) will be very beneficial and the main contact. Good management companies will handle all the concerns coming with day do day such as maintenance needs and urgent situation that may take place. They can handle easily day to day major concerns such as screening tenants, offering properties on rent, concerning rents plumbing issues, maintenance of homes, emergency issues, and other concerns regarding House Owner Association (HOA) costs. These are just some most common issues a reputable and good real estate management firm can handle.Many property management companies also provide rent collection service and accounting services to their clients. They will take responsibility of choosing right tenants and collecting rents form them in time. They assure home owner that rent is paid on time. They also assure home owners that they will take proper action if rent in not provided on time by tenants. They can also handle deposits and other possible amount on omen to the tenants and property.The biggest task for a good PMC is handling maintenance issues on properties. It can be very daunting and stressful task. But professional property management services offered by reputable companies would be best option to handle these issues. Professionals will make sure that all issues and concerns with maintenance of property, plumbing, decoration, repairing, lawn care and other concerns are determined professionally and quickly as possible.A good professional property management company will always give you relaxed experience. You will not need to worry about your property as your property are in hands of good care and take called property management companies. You will be provided rents for your properties on time. You will get dept reporting about your properties. Your properties will be run more efficiently and smoothly and finally you will get good returns for investment of your properties. Thus you see that there are several benefits of hiring professional management companies for your properties. You many find many companies in your locality to choose from.